The objective of the Biodiversity and Biotechnology Network of the Legal Amazon (BIONORTE Network) is the integration of skills for the development of research projects, development, innovation, and training of academics, focusing on biodiversity and biotechnology, generating knowledge, processes, and products that contribute to the sustainable development of the Amazon. Faced with this objective, the Scientific Committee of the BIONORTE Network, composed of representatives of all the states of the Legal Amazon, the scientific community, and the Local Scientific Committees (State), established the proposal of the Postgraduate Program in Biodiversity and Biotechnology – BIONORTE Network (PPG-BIONORTE) based on three pillars, biodiversity, biotechnology, and conservation, with the aim of improving our knowledge of biodiversity to contribute to the development of biotechnology, which are key for the conservation of the Amazon Biome.

The postgraduate program PPG-BIONORTE would then meet one of the main objectives of the network: the training of academics through a doctorate program. The impact of this creation should be highlighted, considering the program’s coverage by nine states, the territorial extension of the legal Amazon (about 60% of Brazilian territory), the diversity, potential, and lack of scientific development in this region, considered at the time as a region of great fragility due to the reduced number of graduate programs with Master's degrees and academic doctorates, accounting for only 4% of the total programs in the country.

In this context, in 2011 the APCN (new course proposal) of the PhD Network Program–PPG-BIONORTE was sent and approved at the 129th meeting of the CTC/CAPES (the scientific technical council of higher education) held on September 27th and 28th, 2011 (concept 4).

From that moment, the program was established in its regional (inter-state), multi-institutional, and interdisciplinary essence, focusing on the development of bioprocesses and bioproducts, for the conservation of the biome in the middle of industrial development, to ensure the preservation of the Amazon’s biodiversity.

PPG-BIONORTE was composed of 99 PhD Professors (of which 76 are permanent staff and 23 collaborators) from 18 institutions in the nine states of the Legal Amazon: Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA), Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (FIOCRUZ), Instituto Nacional de Pesquisa da Amazônia (INPA), Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi (MPEG), Universidade Estadual do Amazonas (UEA), Universidade Estadual do Maranhão (UEMA), Universidade Estadual do Mato Grosso (UNEMAT), Universidade Federal do Acre (UFAC), Universidade Federal do Amazonas (UFAM), Universidade Federal do Maranhão (UFMA), Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso (UFMT), Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPA), Universidade Federal de Rondônia (UNIR), Universidade Federal de Roraima (UFRR), Universidade Federal do Tocantins (UFT), Universidade Federal do Amapá (UNIFAP), Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia (UFRA), and Universidade Ceuma (UNICEUMA).

In 2012, the first doctoral class of the BIONORTE Network began, with the first thesis defended on 28/02/2014 at the Federal University of Amapá.